Why Am I Experiencing Pigmentation On Face? Its 7 Causes


What Is Pigmentation On Face?

In the context of human skin, pigmentation on face is primarily determined by the amount and type of melanin, a pigment produced by specialized skin cells called melanocytes. Melanin comes in different forms, leading to various skin tones ranging from light to dark.

The distribution and concentration of melanin in the skin’s outermost layer, the epidermis, are what give individuals their unique skin colors.

Pigmentation on face refers to the presence of uneven or abnormal coloration of the skin on the facial area. This can manifest as darker or lighter patches of skin compared to the surrounding areas. There are several common types of pigmentation on face that may cause issues:

  1. Hyperpigmentation: This refers to areas of the skin that are darker than the surrounding skin due to an excess production of melanin. Common causes of hyperpigmentation include sun exposure, hormonal changes (such as during pregnancy or while taking birth control pills), and skin injuries like acne or inflammation. Types of hyperpigmentation include melasma, freckles, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).

  2. Hypopigmentation: Hypopigmentation is the opposite of hyperpigmentation and refers to areas of the skin that are lighter than the surrounding skin due to a decrease in melanin production. Conditions like vitiligo and certain fungal infections can lead to hypopigmentation on the face.

  3. Age Spots (Liver Spots): These are flat, brown or grayish spots that appear on the skin as a result of long-term sun exposure and aging. They are most commonly found on areas of the skin that are frequently exposed to the sun, including the face.

  4. Freckles: Freckles are small, flat spots that are often slightly darker than the surrounding skin. They are typically genetic and tend to appear on individuals with lighter skin tones after sun exposure.

  5. Melasma: Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation characterized by dark, irregular patches on the face. It’s often related to hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or due to hormonal therapies.

  6. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): PIH occurs after an injury or inflammation to the skin, such as acne, burns, or wounds. It’s a temporary form of hyperpigmentation that usually fades over time.

  7. Sunspots: Also known as solar lentigines or age spots, sunspots are flat, tan, brown, or black spots that occur due to excessive sun exposure over time.



Why Am I Experiencing Pigmentation On Face?

Pigmentation on face occurs due to various factors, many of which are related to the production and distribution of the pigment melanin in the skin. Here are some of the key reasons why pigmentation on face can develop into major issues:

  • Sun Exposure: The most common cause of pigmentation issues on the face is excessive sun exposure. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun triggers the production of melanin as a protective response. Over time, this can lead to uneven distribution of melanin, causing freckles, age spots, and other forms of hyperpigmentation.

  • Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels can lead to changes in melanin production. Conditions like melasma often occur due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, oral contraceptive use, or hormone replacement therapy. These changes can stimulate the overproduction of melanin in certain areas of the face.

  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): Inflammatory processes such as acne, injuries, burns, or skin infections can trigger an increase in melanin production as part of the skin’s healing response. This can result in dark patches of pigmentation in the affected areas.

  • Genetics: Genetic factors play a role in determining an individual’s skin type and propensity for certain pigmentation issues. People with naturally darker skin are generally more prone to hyperpigmentation, while those with lighter skin are more susceptible to sun damage and freckles.

  • Aging: As the skin ages, the distribution of melanin can become less even, leading to the development of age spots or liver spots. Additionally, the skin’s natural ability to repair itself and control pigmentation may decline with age.

  • Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as vitiligo and albinism, can lead to hypo- or depigmentation on the face. Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder that causes the destruction of melanocytes, resulting in white patches of skin.

  • Skin Trauma: Trauma to the skin, such as cuts, burns, or surgical procedures, can sometimes lead to changes in pigmentation during the healing process.


How Can I Naturally Heal From Pigmentation On Face?

There are several steps you can take to help reduce the appearance of pigmentation on face and promote overall skin health. Keep in mind that results can vary based on the severity and cause of the pigmentation. Here are some natural approaches you can consider:

  • Sun Protection: Protecting your skin from the sun is crucial in preventing further pigmentation and allowing existing pigmentation to fade. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 daily, even on cloudy days. Wear protective clothing, such as hats and sunglasses, when you’re exposed to the sun.

  • Exfoliation: Gently exfoliate your skin regularly to help remove dead skin cells and promote skin renewal. This can help improve the appearance of pigmentation over time. You can use natural exfoliants like oatmeal or yogurt.

  • Topical Treatments: Some natural ingredients may have skin-lightening properties and can help fade pigmentation over time. Examples include:

    • Vitamin C: Vitamin C serums can help brighten the skin and reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
    • Licorice Extract: Licorice root contains compounds that may help inhibit melanin production and lighten dark spots.
    • Aloe Vera: Aloe vera gel has soothing properties and might help improve skin tone.
    • Green Tea Extract: Green tea contains antioxidants that can have a calming and brightening effect on the skin.
  • DIY Masks: You can create homemade face masks using natural ingredients that are believed to have skin-brightening properties. For example, turmeric, honey, and yogurt masks are often used for their potential benefits in improving skin tone. Be cautious when using ingredients like turmeric, as they can stain the skin temporarily.

  • Diet and Hydration: A healthy diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals can contribute to skin health. Stay hydrated by drinking enough water, and consume foods that support skin health, such as fruits, vegetables, and foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids will help ease pigmentation on face. 

  • Lifestyle Factors: Adequate sleep, stress management, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can positively impact overall skin health and appearance.

  • Patience: Natural remedies for pigmentation on face usually take time to show noticeable results. Consistency is key, and it’s important to give your skin time to respond to any changes you make.


Pigmentation on face


The ten modern lifestyle root causes for hormonal imbalance related to PCOS that may on some level lead to problems with pigmentation on face are:

  • Food Related Causes- Inflammation, toxicity, acidity, excess male hormones, insulin resistance.
  • Exercise Related Causes: Sedentary lifestyle, lack of muscle strength, excess ovarian fat.
  • Sleep Related Causes: Poor sleep quality (Lack of Deep Sleep).
  • Stress Related Causes: Chronic Stress.  Addressing these triggers through an integrated approach can naturally restore hormonal balance.


How can the Five Pillars Integrated Lifestyle Approach Help You to Have Hormonal Balance and Help With Pigmentation On Face?
  • Eat Right: Embrace living, water-rich, whole, plant-based foods that nurture our genetic potential. By opting for local and seasonal choices, we honor nature’s wisdom. Eliminating packaged and processed foods liberates us from epigenetic imprints, elevating our hormonal health.
  • Move More: Embark on a journey of holistic lifestyle changes, where staying active transcends mere exercise. Embracing constant movement throughout the day optimizes epigenetic expression, igniting hormonal balance. Engage in pleasurable physical activities, dance, or even mindful walks to unlock the power of epigenetic triggers.
  • Breathe Aware: As we deepen our understanding of Pranayama, the science of breath, we access a profound gateway to support gland function and harmonize hormones. Harnessing the breath’s epigenetic influence, we transcend the ordinary and elevate our hormonal well-being.
  • Sleep Better: Unlock the secrets of deep sleep, a transformative practice for healing and regeneration. With the art of Yog Nidra, we embrace epigenetic potential, unearthing hormonal harmony in the realm of dreams. Rejuvenate your entire being through this exquisite dance with the epigenetic clock.
  • Mind Free: Journey into the realm of emotions, thoughts, and stress resilience, where journaling, gratitude, and emotional practices become our guiding compass. Embracing epigenetic intelligence, we shift our narrative from stress to serenity, empowering our hormonal landscape.



Pigmentation on face can refer to abnormal colouration or discoloration of tissues, often caused by various factors such as medical conditions, genetic disorders, exposure to environmental factors (such as sunlight), and even certain medications. For example, skin conditions like vitiligo result in patches of depigmented skin due to the destruction of melanocytes in those areas. The key to handling problems with pigmentation on face are to follow the five pillars integrated approach to help have hormonal balance which will ease the effects of pigmentation on face.