Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells, and it plays a crucial role in the human body by carrying oxygen from the lungs to various tissues and organs, and transporting carbon dioxide from those tissues back to the lungs for exhalation. Hemoglobin is responsible for the red color of blood and is essential for maintaining proper oxygen levels in the body.

Hemoglobin is composed of four protein subunits, each of which binds to an iron-containing molecule called heme. Each heme group can bind to one molecule of oxygen, and a single hemoglobin molecule can carry up to four oxygen molecules. When oxygen binds to hemoglobin in the lungs, it forms oxyhemoglobin, which is transported through the bloodstream to deliver oxygen to cells throughout the body. In tissues with low oxygen levels, hemoglobin releases its oxygen, allowing cells to utilize it for energy production.

The iron in hemoglobin is also critical for its function, as it helps in the binding and release of oxygen. 


What is Anemia?

Anemia is a medical condition characterized by a deficiency in the number of red blood cells or a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. Red blood cells and hemoglobin are vital components of the blood, responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the body’s tissues and organs. Anemia results in a reduced ability of the blood to transport oxygen, which can lead to a variety of symptoms and health issues.

Common causes of anemia include:

  1. Iron Deficiency Anemia: This is the most common type of anemia and occurs when the body lacks sufficient iron to produce an adequate amount of hemoglobin. Iron is essential for the production of hemoglobin. Iron deficiency anemia can be caused by a poor diet, blood loss (due to heavy menstrual periods, gastrointestinal bleeding, or injury), or an inability to absorb iron properly.

  2. Vitamin Deficiency Anemias: Deficiencies in other nutrients, such as vitamin B12 and folic acid, can also lead to anemia. These vitamins are essential for the production of red blood cells. Pernicious anemia, a type of anemia caused by a lack of intrinsic factor (a protein needed for vitamin B12 absorption), is an example of a vitamin deficiency anemia.

  3. Hemolytic Anemias: These are a group of anemias characterized by the premature destruction of red blood cells. Various factors, including inherited conditions, autoimmune disorders, and infections, can lead to hemolytic anemias.

  4. Aplastic Anemia: Aplastic anemia is a rare condition in which the bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It can be caused by radiation, exposure to certain chemicals, medications, or as a result of an autoimmune reaction.

  5. Chronic Diseases: Some chronic diseases, like chronic kidney disease, inflammatory disorders, and certain cancers, can interfere with the production of red blood cells and lead to anemia.




What are Some Symptoms of Anemia?

Low hemoglobin levels, a condition known as anemia, can manifest with a variety of symptoms. The severity and specific symptoms can vary depending on the underlying cause of the anemia. Common symptoms of low hemoglobin levels may include:

  • Fatigue: Feeling unusually tired or weak, even with normal activities, is a common symptom. This is because the body’s tissues and organs may not be receiving enough oxygen.

  • Pale Skin: Anemia can lead to paleness of the skin, as there is a reduced amount of red pigment (hemoglobin) in the blood, which gives blood its red color.

  • Shortness of Breath: Inadequate oxygen delivery to the body’s tissues can result in difficulty breathing, especially during physical activity.

  • Weakness: Generalized muscle weakness can occur as a result of low oxygen levels in the muscles.

  • Dizziness or Lightheadedness: May cause a drop in blood pressure, leading to feelings of dizziness or lightheadedness.

  • Headaches: Reduced oxygen supply to the brain can cause headaches.

  • Chest Pain: Severe anemia can strain the heart, leading to chest pain or angina in some cases. 
  • Irregular Heartbeat: May cause the heart to beat irregularly or faster in an attempt to compensate for the decreased oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.
  • Cognitive Impairment: In cases of chronic anemia, individuals may experience difficulties with concentration, memory, and mental alertness.
  • Brittle Nails: Changes in the texture and strength of the nails can occur due to anemia.
  • Craving for Non-Food Items (Pica): Some people with anemia may develop unusual cravings, such as for ice, clay, or other non-food items.

It is important to note that these symptoms can be caused by a variety of conditions, not just anemia.


Why Is Anemia Caused?

Hemoglobin levels can be reduced for various reasons, leading to a condition known as anemia. Anemia can be caused by a wide range of factors, including:

  1. Iron Deficiency: Iron is essential for the production of hemoglobin. When there is insufficient iron in the body, the bone marrow cannot make enough hemoglobin, leading to iron deficiency anemia. Common causes of iron deficiency anemia include poor dietary intake of iron, blood loss (e.g., from heavy menstrual periods, gastrointestinal bleeding, or injury), or an inability to absorb iron effectively (as in some digestive disorders).

  2. Vitamin Deficiencies: Can result from a deficiency in certain vitamins that are essential for the production of red blood cells and hemoglobin. This includes vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency, where the body doesn’t have enough of these vitamins to support red blood cell production.

  3. Chronic Diseases: Some chronic medical conditions, such as chronic kidney disease, inflammatory disorders (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease), and certain cancers, can interfere with the body’s ability to produce red blood cells and hemoglobin.

  4. Hemolysis: Hemolysis refers to the premature destruction of red blood cells. Conditions that cause excessive breakdown of red blood cells, either due to inherited factors or acquired conditions. This is known as hemolytic anemia.

  5. Aplastic Anemia: Aplastic is a rare condition in which the bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It can result from radiation exposure, certain medications, chemicals, or autoimmune reactions.

  6. Chronic Infections: Some chronic infections, such as HIV/AIDS, can affect the bone marrow’s ability to produce red blood cells and result in anemia.

  7. Genetic Conditions: Some inherited genetic conditions, like thalassemia, can lead to low hemoglobin levels.

  8. Dietary and Nutritional Factors: Inadequate intake of essential nutrients, such as iron and B vitamins, can contribute to anemia.

  9. Pregnancy: During pregnancy, a woman’s blood volume increases, and this can dilute the concentration of red blood cells, potentially leading to a mild form of anemia.

  10. Medications and Treatments: Certain medications, such as some chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy, can affect the bone marrow’s ability to produce red blood cells.


What are Some Natural Treatment Methods for Anemia?

Natural treatment methods for low hemoglobin levels, can be helpful in mild cases or as complementary approaches to medical treatment. Here are some natural methods that may help raise hemoglobin levels:

  1. Dietary Changes:

    • Iron-Rich Foods: Incorporate iron-rich foods into your diet, such as lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, lentils, tofu, and dark leafy greens (like spinach and kale).
    • Vitamin C: Consume foods high in vitamin C, as it can enhance iron absorption. Examples include citrus fruits, strawberries, and bell peppers.
    • Folate and Vitamin B12: If you have a deficiency in these vitamins, eat foods rich in folate (like leafy greens, beans, and fortified cereals) and vitamin B12 (found in animal products like meat, fish, and dairy).
  2. Avoid Iron Blockers:

    • Some substances can inhibit iron absorption. Avoid excessive consumption of tea, coffee, and calcium supplements, especially when consuming iron-rich foods.
  3. Herbal Remedies:

    • Certain herbs may help improve iron absorption or stimulate the production of red blood cells. Examples include nettle leaf, yellow dock, and dandelion.
  4. Beetroot: Beetroot is high in iron and can help increase hemoglobin levels. You can consume it as juice or add it to your diet in salads and soups.

  5. Pomegranate: Pomegranate juice is rich in antioxidants and iron, which can help boost hemoglobin. It can be a tasty addition to your diet.

  6. Molasses: Blackstrap molasses is a good source of iron and other minerals. You can mix it with warm water or use it as a sweetener in cooking or baking.

  7. Lifestyle Changes: Regular physical activity can stimulate the production of red blood cells. 

  8. Stay Hydrated: Proper hydration is important for overall health and the functioning of red blood cells.

  9. Rest: Getting adequate rest and sleep is essential for the body to recover and produce healthy red blood cells.


The ten modern lifestyle root causes for hormonal imbalance related to PCOS that may on some level lead to problems of anemia are:

  • Food Related Causes– Inflammation, toxicity, acidity, excess male hormones, insulin resistance.
  • Exercise Related Causes: Sedentary lifestyle, lack of muscle strength, excess ovarian fat.
  • Sleep Related Causes: Poor sleep quality (Lack of Deep Sleep).
  • Stress Related Causes: Chronic Stress.  Addressing these triggers through an integrated approach can naturally restore hormonal balance.



How can the Five Pillars Integrated Lifestyle Approach Help You to Have Hormonal Balance and Help With Anemia?
  • Eat Right: Embrace living, water-rich, whole, plant-based foods that nurture our genetic potential. By opting for local and seasonal choices, we honor nature’s wisdom. Eliminating packaged and processed foods liberates us from epigenetic imprints, elevating our hormonal health.


  • Move More: Embark on a journey of holistic lifestyle changes, where staying active transcends mere exercise. Embracing constant movement throughout the day optimizes epigenetic expression, igniting hormonal balance. Engage in pleasurable physical activities, dance, or even mindful walks to unlock the power of epigenetic triggers.


  • Breathe Aware: As we deepen our understanding of Pranayama, the science of breath, we access a profound gateway to support gland function and harmonize hormones. Harnessing the breath’s epigenetic influence, we transcend the ordinary and elevate our hormonal well-being.


  • Sleep Better: Unlock the secrets of deep sleep, a transformative practice for healing and regeneration. With the art of Yog Nidra to avoid being sleep deprived, we embrace epigenetic potential, unearthing hormonal harmony in the realm of dreams. Rejuvenate your entire being through this exquisite dance with the epigenetic clock to stop feeling sleep deprived.


  • Mind Free: Journey into the realm of emotions, thoughts, and stress resilience, where journaling, gratitude, and emotional practices become our guiding compass. Embracing epigenetic intelligence, we shift our narrative from stress to serenity, empowering our hormonal landscape.

Recommended Posts

No comment yet, add your voice below!

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *