Loose motions, sometimes referred to as diarrhea, are the repeated passage of loose or watery stools. Increased bowel motions result from the digestive system’s inability to absorb too much water from the stool. A number of things, such as bacterial, viral, or parasite infections, food poisoning, dietary decisions, drug side effects, or underlying medical issues, can cause loose motions. Abdominal cramps, dehydration, and a need to urinate urgently are common symptoms. Rehydration, dietary changes, and, if necessary, addressing the underlying cause are all common components of treatment. If diarrhea continues, you must get medical help right once because severe cases can cause dehydration and other problems.
What are the causes of loose motions?
Loose motions or diarrhea are caused due to various factors. Few of them are as listed below:
- Infections: Diarrhea is frequently brought on by bacterial, viral, or parasite illnesses. Toxic microbes can enter the digestive tract through contaminated food or drink, causing diarrhea. Salmonella, E. coli, norovirus, and Giardia are typical examples.
- Food poisoning: Consuming rotten or contaminated food may cause diarrhea. Food that has been incorrectly stored or undercooked can breed bacteria like Salmonella and Campylobacter.
- Traveler’s diarrhea: When people visit places with varying standards for sanitization and water quality, they frequently develop this type of diarrhea. Typically, eating bacteria or parasites that the body is not used to causes it.
- Gastroenteritis: Gastroenteritis is an infection-related inflammation of the stomach and intestines. Particularly in children, viral gastroenteritis, such as rotavirus or norovirus, can cause diarrhea.
- Food allergies and intolerances: Some people may get diarrhea as a result of dietary intolerances (such as lactose intolerance) or allergy to specific substances.
- Medication: Some medications, particularly antibiotics, can upset the balance of intestinal flora, which can have the side effect of diarrhea. Diarrhea can also be brought on by other drugs, including antacids and laxatives.
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): Conditions such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis can cause chronic diarrhea owing to intestinal lining inflammation.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): IBS is characterized by recurring bouts of diarrhea and is frequently accompanied by stomach pain and discomfort.
- Stress and Anxiety: Because the gut is so closely linked to the neural system, emotional stress can occasionally cause diarrhea. This is commonly known as “nervous diarrhea.”
- Dietary Factors: Consuming too many spicy or oily foods, as well as too much coffee and alcohol, might irritate the digestive tract and cause diarrhea.
Symptoms of Loose motions:
Diarrhea (loose, watery feces) may cause the following symptoms:
- Frequent Bowel Movements: Loose motions are characterized by an increased frequency of bowel movements in comparison to your normal pattern. You may feel yourself needing to use the restroom several times per day.
- Watery or Runny Stools: Loose movements frequently result in watery or runny stools. The stool’s consistency varies, although it is often more liquid than usual.
- Belly cramps: Diarrhea is frequently accompanied by abdominal discomfort or cramps. These cramps can range from moderate to severe and are caused by intestinal muscular contractions.
- Bloating and Gas: Diarrhea is frequently accompanied by abdominal discomfort or cramps. These cramps can range from moderate to severe and are caused by intestinal muscular contractions.
- Nausea & Vomiting: Some people who have loose motions may also have nausea and vomiting. These symptoms might aggravate fluid and electrolyte imbalances in the body.
- Fever: Diarrhea may be accompanied by a fever in some circumstances. This could point to an underlying disease as the source of the diarrhea.
- Urgent feeling to have a bowel movement: You may feel a strong and sudden urge to urinate, which can be difficult to manage. This feeling of impending doom is a common symptom of diarrhea.
- Dehydration: Diarrhea can cause considerable fluid loss from the body, resulting in dehydration. Dry mouth, increased thirst, dark urine, weariness, and dizziness are all symptoms of dehydration. When experiencing loose motions, it is critical to stay hydrated.
- Weight loss or weakness: Because of nutrient malabsorption and an elevated metabolic rate, chronic or severe diarrhea can cause weight loss over time.
- Blood in stool: You may notice blood or mucus in your feces in more severe situations or when there is an underlying medical condition. This should be evaluated by a medical practitioner because it may suggest a more serious problem.
Home remedies that help to alleviate loose motions:
There are many home remedies which one can follow to stop the loose motions if they are mild. However if one experiences loose motions for more than two days it is advised to visit a health care professional as it is a severe condition it requires clear observation to find the cause.
So if anyone has mild loose motions they can follow the below homemade remedies to get rid of loose motions:
- Stay Hydrated: To avoid dehydration, drink plenty of fluids such as water, clear broths, and oral rehydration solutions (ORS).
- ORS Solution: You may buy ORS packets at pharmacies or make your own by combining one liter of clean water with 6 teaspoons of sugar and 1/2 teaspoon of salt.
- Ginger: Ginger has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects by nature. You can prepare ginger tea or munch on raw ginger slices.
- Bananas: Bananas are high in potassium and can help restore electrolytes lost during exercise. They can also aid in the firming of stools.
- Rice Water: Drinking the water used to cook rice (after it has cooled) can help relieve nausea and diarrhea.
- Yogurt: Probiotic-rich yogurt contains beneficial bacteria that can help restore gut flora equilibrium. Choose plain, unsweetened yogurt.
- Apple sauce: Because of its pectin concentration, applesauce can help bind loose stools.
- BRAT Diet: BRAT stands for bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast. These bland foods can be easy on the stomach during diarrhea.
- Chamomile Tea: Chamomile tea has anti-inflammatory qualities and can aid with digestion.
- Mint: Drinking mint tea or chewing fresh mint leaves may help relieve stomach discomfort.
- Cinnamon: Cinnamon can aid in the reduction of gas and the soothing of the digestive tract. Cinnamon tea can be made by steeping a cinnamon stick in hot water.
- Fenugreek Seeds: Soak fenugreek seeds overnight in water, then consume the water in the morning. Fenugreek can aid in the treatment of diarrhea.
- Lemon: Lemon juice in warm water with a touch of salt and sugar will help rehydrate and balance electrolytes.
- Carrot Soup: Carrot soup is easy on the stomach and high in nutrients.
- Black tea: Black tea can aid in the reduction of intestinal irritation. It can be consumed simply or with honey.
- Coconut water: Coconut water is hydrating and includes electrolytes, which aid in fluid balance.
- Psyllium Husk: Psyllium husk helps thicken and stiffen up feces. Drink plenty of water while you’re at it.
- Pomegranate: Pomegranate has astringent qualities that may aid in the treatment of diarrhea.
- Oat meal: Plain oatmeal can be a soothing and satisfying alternative during diarrhea.
- Rest: Allow your body to recuperate by obtaining lots of rest. Avoid physically demanding activities.
Finally, we have thoroughly examined the symptoms, causes, and home treatments for loose motions. Most people will find that these natural therapies are beneficial in reducing their symptoms. However, it is critical to understand that if the loose motions continue for more than two days, it should act as a strong indication to seek immediate medical help at a hospital or from a healthcare professional. In such circumstances, early intervention is critical for correct diagnosis and treatment, assuring the best potential outcome for your health. Always put your health first, and don’t be afraid to seek medical advice when necessary.